By Henry Tattam
Excerpt from A Compendious Grammar of the Egyptian Language: As inside the Coptic, Sahidic, and Bashmuric Dialects; including Alphabets and Numerals within the Hieroglyphic and Enchorial Characters
In Rawlinson's Herodotus are the subsequent observations. The Egyptian Language may, from its grammar, seem to declare a Semitic beginning, however it just isn't one in all that relatives, just like the Arabic, Hebrew.
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Additional resources for A compendious grammar of the Egyptian language as contained in the Coptic, Sahidic, and Bashmuric dialects
However, Arabic does employ a definite article, which is the prefix you attach to either the noun or the adjective you want to define. The rule The definite article in Arabic is the prefix al-. When you want to define a noun or adjective, you simply attach this prefix to the word. For example, “the book” is al-kitaab, and “the school” is al-madrasa. The inevitable exceptions Sometimes, the “l” in the prefix al- drops off and is replaced by a letter identical to the first letter of the word being defined.
Table 2-9 outlines these specific suffixes. indd 34 1/30/09 11:40:19 PM Chapter 2: Grammar on a Diet: Just the Basics Table 2-9 35 Personal Pronoun Suffixes for Verbs in the Past Tense Arabic Pronoun Pronunciation Translation Verb Suffix ‘anaa ah-nah I/me -tu ‘anta an-tah you (MS) -ta ‘anti an-tee you (FS) -tii huwa hoo-wah he/it -a hiya hee-yah she/it -at naHnu nah-noo we -naa ‘antum an-toom you (MP) -tum ‘antunna an-too-nah you (FP) tunna hum hoom they (MP) -uu hunna hoo-nah they (FP) -na ‘antumaa an-too-mah you (dual) tumaaa humaa hoo-mah they (M/dual) -aa humaa hoo-mah they (F/dual) -ataa Anytime you come across a regular verb you want to conjugate in the past tense, use these verb suffixes with the corresponding personal pronouns.
Unfortunately, there’s no hard rule you can use to determine which dominant vowel is associated with each verb. The best way to identify the dominant vowel is to look up the verb in the qaamuus (qahmoos; dictionary). indd 38 1/30/09 11:40:19 PM Chapter 2: Grammar on a Diet: Just the Basics 39 In this list, I divide up some of the most common Arabic verbs according to their dominant vowels: damma ✓ yaktubu (yak-too-boo; to write) ✓ yadrusu (yad-roo-soo; to study) ✓ ya’kulu (yah-koo-loo; to eat) ✓ yaskunu (yas-koo-noo; to live) fatHa ✓ yaf’alu (yaf-ah-loo; to do) ✓ yaqra’u (yak-rah-oo; to read) ✓ yadhhabu (yaz-hah-boo; to go) ✓ yaftaHu (yaf-tah-hoo; to open) kasra ✓ yarji’u (yar-jee-oo; to return) ✓ ya’rifu (yah-ree-foo; to know) When you conjugate a verb in the present tense, you must do two things: 1.
A compendious grammar of the Egyptian language as contained in the Coptic, Sahidic, and Bashmuric dialects by Henry Tattam