By Julian Hoppit
The wonderful Revolution of 1688-9 used to be a decisive second in England's historical past; an invading Dutch military compelled James II to escape France, and his son-in-law and daughter, William and Mary, have been topped as joint sovereigns. the broader effects have been no much less startling: conflict in eire, union with Scotland, Jacobite intrigue, deep involvement in significant eu wars, Britain's emergence as an excellent strength, a 'financial revolution', better non secular toleration, a riven Church, and the fast development of parliamentary govt. Such alterations have been simply a part of the transformation of English society on the time. A torrent of recent principles from such figures as Newton, Defoe, and Addison, unfold via newspapers, periodicals, and coffee-houses, supplied new perspectives and values that a few embraced and others loathed. England's horizons have been additionally starting to be, particularly within the Caribbean and American colonies. for lots of, besides the fact that, the advantages have been doubtful: the slave exchange flourished, inequality widened, and the bad and 'disorderly' have been more and more topic to strictures and statutes. If it used to be an age of customers it used to be additionally one in every of anxieties. This new textual content offers a very basic evaluate of britain among the fantastic Revolution and the demise of George I and Newton. a part of the hot Oxford historical past of britain sequence, it's a vast ranging survey that mixes the wealthy secondary literature with large basic learn. It seems at politics, faith, financial system, society, and tradition and seeks to put England in its British, eu, and global contexts. It contains an annotated bibliography and may end up worthy to a variety of scholars of the interval.
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Extra resources for A Land of Liberty?: England 1689-1727 (New Oxford History of England)
65. James I (& VI) m. Anne of Denmark 1574–1619 1566–1625 Henry 1594–1612 Elizabeth m. Frederick V 1596–1662 Elector of Palatine 1596–1632 Eleven older children Charles I m. Henrietta Maria of France 1600–49 1609–69 Sophia m. Ernst Augustus of Hanover 1630–1714 1622–98 George I m. Sophia Dorothea of Celle 1666–1726 1660–1727 George II 1683–1760 Six other children Sophia Dorothea 1687–1757 Charles II m. Catherine of 1630–85 Braganza 1638–1708 Anne Hyde m. James II m. Mary of Modena 1637–71 1633–1701 1658–1718 Mary m.
With little delay Convention assembly—effectively a Parliament elected via a summons from William rather than the king—interpreted his ﬂight as a renunciation of the throne and offered it to William, the Dutch Stadholder and Prince of Orange, and his wife Mary, daughter of James. It was gratefully accepted. At core, therefore, the Glorious Revolution was dynastic, a breaking of the hereditary succession. Though it was much more than that, examining the transfer of the Crown must be the starting-point.
One particular man, an 84-year-old, stands out. He had lived through the civil wars, the disinterment of Oliver Cromwell’s body for posthumous execution as a traitor, the commercial, Glorious, and ﬁnancial revolutions, two major and a handful of minor wars, the Union of England and Scotland, imperial expansion, and a Jacobite rising. He had witnessed the last visitation of the plague in England, the building of Wren’s St Paul’s, the development of a coffee-house culture, and in old age the vogue for Handel’s operas.
A Land of Liberty?: England 1689-1727 (New Oxford History of England) by Julian Hoppit