By Nancy Ordover
The Nazis can have given eugenics its damaging connotations, however the practice-and the "science" that helps it-is nonetheless disturbingly alive in the USA in anti-immigration projects, the hunt for a "gay gene," and theories of collective intelligence. Tracing the old roots and endurance of eugenics within the usa, Nancy Ordover explores the political and cultural weather that has endowed those campaigns with mass attraction and medical legitimacy.
American Eugenics demonstrates how organic theories of race, gender, and sexuality are crucially associated via a priority with regulating the "unfit." those hyperlinks emerge in Ordover's exam of 3 separate yet finally similar American eugenics campaigns: early twentieth-century anti-immigration crusades; clinical versions and interventions imposed on (and occasionally embraced via) lesbians, gays, transgendered humans, and bisexuals; and the obligatory sterilization of bad girls and ladies of colour. all through, her paintings unearths how built notions of race, gender, sexuality, and state are positioned to ideological makes use of and the way "faith in science" can undermine revolutionary social routine, drawing liberals and conservatives alike into eugenics-based discourse and regulations.
Nancy Ordover is an autonomous pupil who lives in ny urban.
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Extra resources for American Eugenics: Race, Queer Anatomy, and the Science of Nationalism
23 Issues of crime, health, insanity, and morality all fell to eugenic inspection, and human failings were meted out with scientiﬁc precision to the ethnic, often immigrant, target of the day. This was by no means a new endeavor. ”26 More than once, eugenics has posed as pan-class solidarity. In the ongoing rhetoric surrounding immigration restriction, the livelihood of American-born workers was (and is) often invoked. The 1917 act also strengthened the ban on contract laborers. Shortly before the bill’s passage, an unnamed book reviewer for the Journal of Heredity stated: It is pretty well recognized now that the low birth rate among the most useful and enlightened classes is principally economic in origin.
Certainly, the 1924 legislation should be considered the consummate payoﬀ for eugenicists and others who felt previous bills did not go far enough. 72 Calculating Hysteria 25 In large part, the 1924 act and the lobbying eﬀorts that precipitated it constituted a reprise of its 1917 predecessor. Arguments for both bills relied on a steady stream of ﬂawed statistics, in particular calculations of race-based “feeble-mindedness” and the much-celebrated IQ tests. The diﬀerence lies in the immediacy of eugenicists’ involvement in the passage of each bill.
The occasion for Box’s remarks was debate on an immigration suspension bill introduced to Congress by Representative Albert Johnson. 24 Calculating Hysteria An ardent adherent of eugenics, Johnson was a member of the Eugenics Record Association, the Galton Society,67 and later the Eugenics Committee of the United States. ”69 Johnson’s goal was complete suspension. The Three Per Cent Restrictive Act, signed into law by President Harding in 1921, fell short. It decreed that “the number of aliens of any nationality who may be admitted .
American Eugenics: Race, Queer Anatomy, and the Science of Nationalism by Nancy Ordover