By Don Nardo
Mesopotamia, the "land among the rivers," was once the location of the world's first actual towns, empires, large-scale engineering tasks, and written literature. The heritage, tradition, and contributions of the pivotal civilizations that inhabited the world are awarded in bright element during this quantity, inclusive of the increase and fall of Sumeria, Babylonia, Assyria, and Persia.
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Extra resources for Ancient Mesopotamia (Greenhaven Encylopedia)
I burned with fire. His queen, his harem, his . . sons and daughters, his property and his goods, his horses, his cattle, his sheep, in countless numbers, I carried off to Assyria. Esarhaddon’s son, Ashurbanipal (ca. C. he destroyed the kingdom of Elam, lying along Mesopotamia’s southeastern fringe. 43 Assyriology However, Ashurbanipal’s reign was also marred by rebellions and civil strife. As time went on, Assyria’s vassals and subject peoples grew more daring and either resisted the central authority or severed ties with it.
SEE ALSO: water supplies Arabs Before the Muslim era, most ancient Arabs inhabited dry wastelands lacking arable fields and pastures, and their populations, organized into competing tribes, were small and often nomadic. For these reasons, they did not create any strong, wellorganized kingdoms and generally remained outside the political and cultural mainstream of the empires of Mesopotamia and the eastern Mediterranean. C. C. Later Assyrian bas-reliefs show battles in which Arab warriors ride camels.
At Kalhu (modern Nimrud) he erected temples, military barracks, and dozens of other structures; and it was said that he inaugurated these works with a feast that fed almost seventy thousand people for ten days. SEE ALSO: Assyrian Empire; Nimrud Ashur-uballit I (ca. ) A statue representing King Ashurnasirpal II. © WERNER FORMAN/CORBIS his father, Tukulti-Ninurta II. Then, circa 877, the new Assyrian monarch moved westward in hopes of reaching the Mediterranean coast. An excerpt from his annals confirms that he achieved this goal: At that time I marched along the side of Mount Lebanon, and to the Great Sea.
Ancient Mesopotamia (Greenhaven Encylopedia) by Don Nardo